Stachybotrys atra or commonly known as 'black mold' or 'toxic black mold' is the slimy, black substance which can lead to serious healh problems. Black mold is associated with poor indoor air quality that arises after fungal growth on water-damaged building materials such as drywall, wood or ceiling tiles.
Mold is found frequently in homes in a temperate climate like Florida. However, not all mold is deadly like black mold. Whenever you purchase a home your home inspector can take mold tests for you. Generally, a mold inspection runs about $250.
Mold spores can be transported easily by attaching themselves to hosts such as people, shoes, animals or the air. Mold typically grows where it is dark, damp and moist. I recently sold a condo on Longboat Key recently where there was an elevated level of mold that needed to be removed. The mold grew because the hurricane shutters on the condo were closed for a year and a half and the air conditioner was not turned up enough. The combination of darkness and humidity allowed the mold to grow.
Black mold has been linked to over 100 cases of lung disorders as well as baby deaths because of respiratory bleeding. It has also been known to be a contributing factor to illnesses such as astham or bronchities.
Black Mold Removal
You need to figure out the extent of the problem in order to remove the black mold. First you need to make sure the source of the moisture has stopped. If the moisture is coming from a water leaf you need to make sure the leak is fixed. There are some remedies that you can do yourself. However, that can be dangerous. You may want to consult with a mold remediation company.